Tag Archives: Ksitigarbha

Why Various Celestial Beings Often Share the Same Name

atlas-shabalaQuestion: In the prophecy of the Trees, it says Ksitigarbha Bodhisattva is both Melekh Shubkha and Ania, but another Manichaean document says that Shabala (Sabala) is also the same Bodhisattva. Are Melekh Shubkha, Ania, and Shabala one and the same? And what about Avalokiteshvara (Guan Yin in Chinese) the Call, or Karia? Is this Divinity associated with any other Aeons?

Shabala (Atlas) and Shubkha share the role of Ksitigarbha, so yes, they are the same, but only in the sense of sharing the responsibility of serving as such a Bodhisattva.

Avalokiteshvara is associated with various divine beings and Messengers. The name is used in a multitude of ways, much in the same way, for example, Amitabha Buddha. Amitabha is a name used for both Avalokiteshvara and for Buddha Moni. The name is also used in reference to the Living Spirit and a number of His various manifestations and emanations.
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Did Monijiao (Manichaeism) disappear in China?

…Manichaeism originated in Babylon and was expressed in Syriac and Persian terms. The religion quickly spread to other lands such as India, China, Tibet and even into the Western hemisphere. In the West adherents were severely persecuted and murdered.

In China, Monijiao accepted both the general Buddhist scriptures alongside those of Daoists. Monijiao accepted Amitabha Buddha (Amida), Ksitigarbha, Laotzu, and Manjusri as divine messengers as well as the majority of other Bodhisattvas. In the Monijiao tradition, Mani (Moni) is viewed as an emanation of Laotzu.

… During and after the 14th century in southern China, adherents of Monijiao became more involved with the Pure Land Mahayana schools of Buddhism.

Read excerpts from a lecture presented in Beijing on September 16, 2012 concerning Monijiao (Manichaeism) in China.