Earlier this month (May 2015), the Pope met with Palestinian officials at the Vatican. Establishing a treaty between the Catholic Church and the Palestinian government.
This treaty officially “recognizes” the state of Palestine as part of a deal that relates to Catholic interests in Palestinian populated areas. But history tells us a that, originally, there was no land called “Palestine”. It was as a response to the Jewish uprising of the people of Judea, seeking to be free of Roman occupation.